South Africa’s informal sector in the time of Covid-19 August 20, 2020 The Covid-19 pandemic has caused severe disruption to South Africa’s economy. What will happen to informal firms? Will the informal sector expand or shrink? VIEWPOINTS | South Africa's debt: Has the budget overpromised? August 11, 2020 The Supplementary Budget Review advocates for a rapid fiscal consolidation, targeting a primary surplus to be achieved by 2023/24. Professor Philippe Burger argues that achieving a primary surplus by 2023/24 would require fiscal consolidation far more rapid than IMF structural adjustment programmes generally envisage. VIEWPOINTS | Reviving a declining mining industry August 4, 2020 South African mining is in decline. Norman Mbazima argues that if you mine out existing reserves without investing in finding new reserves and building new mines, output will inevitably shrink, as is already happening in South Africa.