This, the third report in CDE’s Big Cities Series, focuses on the economic development challenge confronting the East Rand (now Ekurhuleni). Its central message is that a serious discussion needs to begin on the future of the East Rand as a national and global competitor, built around the revival and strengthening of its manufacturing‑based economy. The key stakeholders on the East Rand need to come together ‑ as equals ‑ to define a metropolitan-­wide economic and development vision for the region.

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