Making South Africa more labour intensive- Roundtable

Making South Africa more labour intensive summarises the proceedings of a workshop of experts on the labour market that grappled with the question of why, given the large number of unemployed people, economic activity in South Africa tends to absorb too few people.

While there is no silver bullet, the perverse effects of existing policies are identified and explored, and the report shows that we need to rethink key aspects of labour market regulation and economic policy-making.

The full report is available here and the summary report is available here.




Making South Africa more labour intensive- Summary report

Making South Africa more labour intensive summarises the proceedings of a workshop of experts on the labour market that grappled with the question of why, given the large number of unemployed people, economic activity in South Africa tends to absorb too few people.

While there is no silver bullet, the perverse effects of existing policies are identified and explored, and the report shows that we need to rethink key aspects of labour market regulation and economic policy-making.

Click here to download the summary report. The full report is available here.




Agriculture, Land Reform and Jobs Roundtable

The focus of this new CDE report is on the agricultural sector’s ability to generate growth and jobs within the current political and economic context. In particular, the report focuses on the effect the current land reform debate has had on critical investments and job-generating initiatives in the agricultural sector as well as how it may impact on these in future.

Click here to download the roundtable report.




Agriculture, Land Reform and Jobs Summary Report

The focus of this new CDE report is on the agricultural sector’s ability to generate growth and jobs within the current political and economic context. It draws on the discussions and materials presented at a CDE expert roundtable on agricultural growth, land reform and jobs, held in June 2018.

Click here to download the summary report.




INFOGRAPHIC: AGRICULTURE, LAND REFORM AND JOBS




VIEWPOINTS | Smallholders and land reform: A realistic perspective | CDE

The latest report in CDE’s VIEWPOINTS series, Smallholders and land reform: A realistic perspective shows that land reform policy will fail if it ignores where the major demand for land lies. Continuing urbanisation suggests that the demand is for securely held sites in urban and peri-urban areas.

Professors William Beinart and Peter Delius analyse historical trajectories and current levels of production to show that the rapid transfer of more land to smallholder farmers will not be the solution the country needs. Land reform and agricultural policy should unlock the productive potential of current smallholders where possible but policy should also encourage investments in non-agricultural routes to rural development and improved livelihoods.

Click here to download the publication. Previous publications in this series can be accessed here.




VIEWPOINTS | LABOUR MARKET REFORM IS NEEDED FOR INCLUSIVE GROWTH | CDE

The latest report in CDE’s VIEWPOINTS series, Labour market reform is needed for inclusive growth, argues that South Africa needs a change in development strategy which allows wages that are appropriate for the expansion of labour-intensive sectors. Given inadequate welfare support for the unemployed, the expansion of lower-wage, labour-intensive sectors will have a significant impact in terms of reducing poverty and inequality.

University of Cape Town professors Nicoli Nattrass and Jeremy Seekings show that wages matter for employment, and if government is serious about tackling unemployment, it has to promote labour-intensive development.

Click here to download the publication. Previous publications in this series can be accessed here.




The Jobs Summit and the Challenge of Mass Unemployment 

South Africa’s unemployment crisis is the deepest in the world. Over the past decade almost 900 people have joined the ranks of the unemployed every single day. Matters are even worse for young people where the unemployment rate is 50%. There are 400, 000 fewer people in employment in 2018 than there were in 2008, despite the number of young people having increased by 2 million in that period. SA’s mass unemployment is the key cause of poverty and inequality contributing immeasurably to social dysfunction and political instability. It is a terrible waste of human potential and an assault on human dignity.

And yet there is nothing inevitable about SA’s scandalously high unemployment rate.

This is the backdrop to the Presidential Jobs Summit taking place on 4 and 5 October 2018.

In this short note CDE spells out the facts, the trends and the policies that must change if SA is ever to turn the dial on our growing unemployment figures. In our view, unless critical policies are revisited and soon, yet another generation will grow up in a world of mass unemployment and hopelessness.

Click here to download the publication.

You may also be interested in an op-ed which was published in the Sunday Times on Sunday 30 September 2018, see here.




Infographic: Jobs Summit Unemployment facts and figures




VIEWPOINTS | State, Market and Competition – Can Eskom be rescued? | CDE

State, Market and Competition – Can Eskom be rescued? by economist Lumkile Mondi is the third in CDE’s VIEWPOINTS series. The report describes the dire state of Eskom’s finances and explains the sources of the organisation’s financial distress before offering suggestions for restructuring and reform.

Click here to download the publication.

Previous publications in this series can be accessed here.